Pu-erh Tea Introduction
Pu-erh Tea (普洱茶, pǔ ěr chá) use the broad-leaved sun drying tea in Yunnan based on the geographical indications as raw material, is made by using a specific processing technology within the scope of the protection of geographical indications,tea with unique characteristics, according to its processing technology and quality characteristics, divided into Pu-erh raw tea and Pu-erh cooked tea two types. Pu’er raw tea is not fermented Pu’er tea, Pu’er tea is the result of artificial Ottawa fermented Pu’er tea. Pu’er raw tea can be stored for hundreds of years, while Pu’er cooked tea is not that long. The old tea often referred in the market are generally refers to the raw tea. Because of the long storage of raw tea, tea will turn red. The cooked tea is reddish-brown, raw tea is lighter, yellow-green (except old raw tea). Cooked tea tastes mellow and gentle, not so bitter like raw tea.
The scope of geographical indications protection in the origin of Pu’er tea is mainly Yunnan Province in southwestern of China, including:Menghai tea area in Xishuangbanna and Yiwu tea area; Xiaguan tea area, Pu’er City, Lincang city, Baoshan city and other areas.Integrated the quality of Pu’er tea production history so far, excellent raw materials is the first in Xishuangbanna city.
In addition to loose tea, common shapes of Pu’er Tea are brick-shaped, cake-shaped, but also column tea, gourd tea and other shapes.
Pu-erh Tea Efficacy
Pu-erh Tea can reduce blood fat, lose weight, help digestion, has antibacterial, stomach fluid, thirst, hot detoxification and other effects. It also can clear the stomach, digest phlegm, detoxification, diuretic hangover and cold, cough and phlegm, lower blood cholesterol.
Lowering blood fat, reducing weight and reducing blood pressure, and resisting arteriosclerosis.
Drinking Pu-erh tea for a long time can reduce cholesterol and triglycerides, so drinking Pu-erh tea for a long time has the function of treating obesity. Drinking Pu’er tea can cause vasodilation, blood pressure drop, heart rate slowing and blood flow reduction. It has a good therapeutic effect on patients with hypertension and cerebral arteriosclerosis.
Pu-erh tea Protecting the stomach.
In the appropriate concentration, drinking moderate Pu-erh tea does not produce gastrointestinal stimulation, the film formed by thick, sweet and smooth, mellow Pu-erh Tea into the membrane of human intestinal attached to the surface of the stomach, produces protective beneficial layer for the stomach, long-term drinking can play a role in protecting stomach.
Pu-erh tea Anti-inflammatory, sterilization, cure diarrhea.
Research and clinical trials in the medical field have proved that Pu-erh tea in Yunnan Province has a suppressive effect and that concentrated tea juice can be taken on a daily basis for 10 times to treat bacterial dysentery, which is directly related to the tea polyphenols rich in Yunnan big leaf tea.
Pu-erh tea Anti-Aging.
Catechins in tea have anti-aging effects. Yunnan big leaf tea contains catechins, the total is higher than other varieties of tea, anti-aging effect is better than other teas, rich in polyphenols to help skin fight aging.
Pu-erh tea can solve thirst, refreshing, detoxification, laxative. Pu-erh tea can regulate the stomach, so that to restore the normal function of the intestines, and solve the problems of acne and halitosis caused by constipation.
Pu-erh tea itself contains lipase, this lipase has a good effect for the decomposition of fat, can play the role of fat digestion and consumption for many people who are reducing stomach, but also Pu-erh tea can also nourish the face and protect the stomach.
Different flavor of Pu-erh tea
Pu-erh tea has many delicate subtle aroma substances, main types of fragrance are: jujube incense, honey incense, camphor incense, lotus incense,aged tea incense.
Jujube incense Pu-erh tea: This aroma smells like dry jujube, with some sweet sugar incense and some wood rhyme, generally have the characteristics of ripe tea. Jujube incense in Pu’er tea is a very classic style. This type of scent tends to appear in older raw pu-erh tea because the crude leaf has a higher overall carbohydrate content and produces more soluble sugar during the fermentation. When the sugar incense reaches a certain level, it can be mixed with other aroma such as woody and show a similar dry jujube aroma.
Honey incense Pu-erh tea: Honey incense is common in Pu’er tea (raw tea), many tea can show Honey during long-time storage,which is the durable aroma and the smell of long-lasting resistance, but also easy to describe and understand, so can be easily remembered. Pu’er tea with sweetmeat also has better quality, and sometimes drink a cup of pure tea with honey incense, you can stay the rhyme in the mouth all day long. With honey and flowers, constitute the most striking feature of Pu’er Tea (raw tea) in the aging stage.
Camphor incense Pu-erh tea: camphor appeared in raw tea stored the longer storage time.This aroma smells like camphor wood,there is a sense of calm and natural, not the same as the camphor taste, and some mouldy and metamorphosed tea has a very pesticide – like pungent camphor taste.Aroma substances associated with camphor are camphene and fenchone, all two aroma components with camphor, mixed flower wood show pleasant camphor.
Lotus incense Pu-erh: tea cyanine of premium or tender sprout tea produced a similar dry lotus leaf aroma after light fermentation Ottawa heap, mild wet warehouse processing, withdrawal dry. In recent years, because of the process change, also lotus tea is rare.
Aged tea incense Pu-erh: aged tea incense is commonly found in Pu’er tea (ripe tea), the mature degree ofPu’er tea (raw tea) is very high through the long-term storage,. Aged tea incense Pu’er tea (cooked tea) is the core flavor, pure tea incense Pu’er tea (ripe tea) is on behalf of the scent, the other scent are based on the aged tea incense, no aged tea incense,there is not qualified Pu’er tea (cooked tea).
What is Pu Erh tea good for?
Pu'er tea is not the longer the better, only the qualified products in the appropriate storage conditions, the quality of tea products will be "good" direction within a certain period of time. If a piece of tea fails to meet the quality standards at first, or is improperly stored later, the quality of the tea will not be good no matter how long it is put on it. Moreover, some unscrupulous traders in the Pu'er tea market make a lot of old things. The main means of fraud is to accelerate the aging of green tea wet aging speed to create the so-called "old tea." Or the old tea packaging to show the old sense. Identify the authenticity of the aged Pu'er tea and identification of advantages and disadvantages have great difficulties for ordinary consumers.
The appearance color of new Pu’er Tea is fresh, is mostly yellow green, with pekoe and strong flavor; after oxidation after a long time, the appearance of old tea is a red jujube tea, pekoe also turned brown.
Color of wrapping paper
Normally aged Pu’er tea, its packaging of white paper has become obsolete over time, the paper is slightly yellow, so you can determine the age of Pu’er tea from the hand-made patterns and paper colors. However, this can only be used as a reference and not based on absolute grounds. It may be that some unscrupulous traders would use this kind of psychology to pack sub-products in yellowish wrapping paper.
Pu’er tea appearance
Poor quality tea will be significant moldy surface, posing a lot of poor quality will Pu’er tea.The appearance of high-quality Pu’er tea is uniform and the color is bright.
Smell Pu’er tea
Poor Pu’er tea is emitted musty, irritating. High-quality Pu’er tea is issued by the smell of incense, people are very comfortable. In brewing, as long as the smell, immediately distinguish between good and bad.
Brewing Pu’er tea soup color
High-quality Pu’er tea color was bright red, very bright. Whether using transparent cups or ceramic cups are the same look. The poor Pu’er tea, the soup color will be black as paint.