The origin of the Tea-Horse Roadadmintea
Since the Tang Dynasty, a channel has been formed between Yunnan and Tibet, India and Southeast Asian countries to transport Yunnan Pu’er tea. It is comparable to the famous “Silk Road”, which is still a huge humanistic significance. Tea Horse Road.
The ancient tea-and-horse road is an ancient trade channel between Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet. Because it is the trade of Sichuan and Yunnan teas and Tibetan horses and herbs, it is called the “Tea Horse Road”. “The Ancient Tea Horse Road” It connects Sichuan and Tibet and extends into Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, and India until it arrives in West Asia and the Red Sea in West Africa. According to the existing ancient cultural relics and historical documents, as early as the Han and Tang Dynasties, this horse-assisted tea was the main In the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, when the coastal depression and the Burma Road were cut off by the Japanese, the “Tea Horse Road” became China’s only international route for land.
The “tea-horse road” originated from the ancient “tea-horse trade”, which can be said to be “mutual market” first, followed by “old road.” “Tea and horse mutual market” is a traditional trade between the Han and Tibetan people in the history of western China, with tea or horses for tea. In the Song Dynasty, in the famous mountains of Sichuan and other places, a government agency called “Team Horses”, which specializes in tea and horse trade, was set up. The tea-horse trade has prospered the economic culture of the ancient western region, and it has also created the path of the ancient tea-horse road.
The Ancient Tea Horse Road is an international channel for conducting foreign economic and cultural exchanges and spreading ancient Chinese civilization in the southwestern part of China.
The source of the ancient tea-horse road is Simao Pu’er, which has long been a government, a road, and a special administrative site. It is the political, economic, and cultural center of the Sipu District, and is also the hometown of Pu’er tea, which is famous both at home and abroad. Since the Ming and Qing dynasties, Pu’er tea has been produced and processed by Pu’er Prefecture. It is called Pu’er tea, famous in the world, and the fragrance is floating all over the world. In 1729, Simao and Pu’er tea were very prosperous, and the Qing court set up a total tea shop in Simao Hall. In the history, Pu’er tea is produced in the six major tea mountains of the Simao Hall in the Pu’er District (now Simao District, Xishuangbanna Prefecture), namely, the music in the river, the music, the reliance, the lychee, the brick, and Mansa. These six ancient tea mountains still exist today, and some are still producing Pu’er tea. In addition, the Bohai Sea and the oysters are also important producers of Pu’er tea. Today, the Nanzhao Mountain and Jingmai in the Yangtze River are still in existence for thousands of years of artificial cultivation of ancient tea trees and 10,000 acres of ancient tea gardens. These places, using sun-dried green tea as raw materials, are produced and processed into loose tea by traditional processing techniques, steamed into tight tea with bamboo shoots and bamboo rafts, and transported to the mainland, Tibet and Southeast Asian countries via the ancient tea-horse road. For a time, Pu’er tea was famous for being a Beijing-based teacher and was well-known overseas. In the 18th year of Qing Shunzhi, Tibet sent an envoy to Shengzhou (Yongsheng) to request a tea trade in Shengzhou and Yunnan, and was approved to make a business of 50,000. The Qing government implemented quota monopoly and collected tea donations. In 1744, Pu’er tea was listed as a tribute by the court, and the tribute tea was contracted by Simao Tongzhi (the name of the seven products).
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the ancient tea-horse road developed rapidly. The source of the ancient road was centered on Pu’er and Simao. Five tea-horse avenues were radiated to the east, west, south and north. The ever-changing caravans were used to spread Pu’er tea. The immortal feats have been established. They have continuously transported the tea leaves of Chashan to the Simao Pu’er processing and production, and then transported them to Tibet, Nepal, India, and south to Southeast Asia along the Chama Avenue. The domestic sales are transferred from Kunming to all parts of the country. . Gong tea is shipped to Beijing by official martyrdom.
The ancient tea-and-horse road is the link connecting regional and national culture. It is the channel for the circulation of Chinese and Tibet, the circulation of goods and economic exchanges in the field, the channel for the integration of national culture, and the road for the Chinese nation to overcome difficulties and obstacles and mark the great national spirit. It is a golden bridge of long-standing national unity and friendship between China and foreign countries.
The main route of the Tea Horse Road is:
The North Road – by Pu’er via Kunming transfer to the mainland provinces, Beijing, known as “Guanma Avenue.”
North West Road – by Pu’er, Dali, Lijiang, Zhongdian into Tibet, from Lhasa to Nepal, India and other countries.
South Road – by Pu’er, Simao is divided into three lines, namely: east out of Vietnam, south out of Laos, southwest out of Myanmar, Thailand.
In the 1970s, the “new tea road” was created. After entering Myanmar, it was transported to Yangon by Mandalay or Jingdong, shipped to Kolkata, and then landed to Siliguri–Glenbao, and finally transported to the Lhasa by the caravan.